Pest Control: Inspect, Clean, and Treat Areas that are Prone to Pests


Pest Control is the inspection, prevention and treatment to rid your home of household pests.

Pest Control addresses pests such as:


– INSECTS (such as ants, bed bugs, carpet beetles, clothes moths, cockroaches, houseflies, mosquitoes, silverfish, and spiders); and

– ANIMALS (such as bats, mice, rats, moles, squirrels, chipmunks, and rabbits).

The battle with pests involves three steps:

1. Inspection: to detect evidence of pests and conditions that lead to pests.

2. Prevention: by cleaning and erecting barriers to entry.

3. Extermination or removal: to get rid of pests if infestations have already begun.

Routine Care

Inspect, clean, and treat areas that are prone to pests

Cleaning the areas subject to pests will help prevent infestation.

Inspection allows early detection which can prevent costly damage from spreading.

Timing: Every 6 months: May, November (yearly)

How To

The following areas are subject to pests and should be inspected and cleaned:

Foundation: Inspect foundation walls, both inside and outside, for earthen shelter tubes or tunnels that connect the termite colony in the moist soil to the wood. These tunnels are ¼ to ½ inch wide and are half-round in shape. During the spring and early summer, which is mating season for termites, watch for swarms of flying insects or for clusters of discarded wings near the house. They may be found on masonry foundation walls, basement walls, even on the surface of metal pipes. Check for tunnels around the openings where pipes enter a foundation wall or wall of a house; while you are checking, examine the pipes as well. Use caulking compound to seal the openings. Check foundation walls on the inside of the house as well as the outside. Look for any cracks or loose mortar, especially where the floor meets the wall, or where any slab such as a garage, patio, or porch floor touches a wall. Patch any cracks. Check unfinished crawl spaces for termite tunnels and for places where soil may touch the wall. Make certain these spaces are well ventilated so that moisture can escape and not attract termites to a damp area.

Wood siding: Check wood siding for carpenter ants and wasps’ nests. Check for evidence of termites. Use a sharp instrument such as an ice pick, screwdriver, or awl, to probe any wood that you suspect may be infested. If you can press deeper than ½ inch, then it is likely you have a problem with termites or dry rot. Check to ensure that wooden trellises, fences, or firewood, are at least 12″ away from the wood siding.

Attics: Check the attic for “droppings” from animals such as mice, rats, or bats, and look for nests of squirrels or chipmunks. Makes sure that any ventilation ports in the attic are correctly screened off.

Basements: Check the basement for droppings from mice or rats, and look for nests of squirrels or chipmunks. Check for clusters of discarded termite wings. Look for cracks in the floor, or loose basement wall mortar or cracks, and especially where the wall meets the floor. Patch any cracks. Pay particular attention to basement window wells where debris tends to accumulate, providing termites with access to basement window frames as well as to moist soil.

Garage: Inspect garage for droppings from mice or rats and look for any nests of squirrels or chipmunks. Inspect where the slab or foundation meets the wall for evidence of termites. Check any pipes that go through walls, and caulk around them as necessary.

Eaves: Inspect roof eaves and remove any wasps’ nests, beehives, hornets’ nests, or spider webs from around roof eaves.

Sinks, cupboards, and closets: Clean corners in cupboards and closets, as well as openings under baseboards, in floors, and behind kitchen drawers. In addition, clean the space under kitchen and bathroom sinks, exhaust fans, and around all water pipes, toilets, and other plumbing fixtures.

If you detect infestation by termites, insects, or animals you should immediately consult a professional pest control company, or take appropriate action to exterminate or remove the pests.


The benefits of this task are high. Doing this task can help prevent serious damage by pests, including termites, which can be very costly to eliminate and repair damage from.


The cost of this task is moderate. It is estimated that this task should take about 60-90 minutes to complete, depending on the size of your house. However, if you are not sure exactly what to look for, or are uncomfortable with climbing in and around the attic, eaves, etc. of your home, then you might want to hire a professional to do your inspection for you.


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